We Have Choices Efficacy Study

We Have Choices teaches academic behaviors and social skills, such as perseverance and learning strategies consistent with upper elementary expectations. The curriculum frames each of these factors as skills that each student can learn through practice, emphasizing a growth mindset throughout the lessons.  As students progress through WHC, they learn to take more responsibility for their own behaviors and academic performance, with strategies such as goal-setting, self-monitoring, self-reinforcement, and reevaluation.  

The WHC study started in July 2019 and will conclude in 2025.

We Have Choices Evaluation-Specific Aims

The study investigators hypothesize that instruction in academic behaviors, social skills, and related factors as well as the transfer of the management or regulation of these skills from teacher to students will (a) increase students’ self-assessment, (b) improve student behavior, (c) improve student academic outcomes, and (d) increase self-efficacy and reduce stress among teachers. The study will randomly assign 160 fourth-grade classrooms to WHC or business-as-usual (BAU) conditions to address the following three aims:

Aim 1, main effects. The study will determine whether students in classrooms that implement WHC improve student classroom behavior, self-management skills, and academic performance when compared to students in Grade 4 and Grade 5 BAU classrooms. The study will also examine whether teachers who use WHS experience greater self-efficacy and less stress than BAU teachers.

Aim 2, moderation. The study will also assess how students’ initial academic behaviors and self-management skills affect how well they improve their behavior, self-management, and academic performance. The study will also examine whether English learner status impedes skills instruction delivered by WHC.

Aim 3, implementation and costs. Teachers will likely vary in their implementation of WHC. Within the intervention condition, the study will examine how implementation predicts student academic and behavioral outcomes. The study will also examine the costs of WHC implementation relative to improved behavior and academic performance.

For more information about participating in the evaluation follow the link below.

We Have Choices is part of a research grant funded by the Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, through Grant R305A190478 to Oregon Research Institute with a subaward to Iris Media dba Trifoia. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent the views of the Institute or the U.S. Department of Education.